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BeamOS – Hotspot

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Summary

Wireless Hotspots are essentially Wireless Access Points – they provide network and/or internet access to other Wi-Fi devices. The difference is that Hotspots are a lot more versatile when it comes to managing, monitoring and authenticating the wireless network’s users. For example, while Wireless APs can be password protected, with Hotspots you can configure different users with different names, passwords, even data limits and data speeds and more. This chapter is an overview of the Wireless Hotspot function in BEAM routers.

General

The General tab is where most of the Hotspot configurations take place. This section will be divided into six sub-sections – one for each Authentication mode, since the chosen Authentication mode will define how the Hotspot will be configured in general.

External Radius

External Radius authentication mode uses an external Radius server, to which you have to provide an address to, instead of using the router’s internal Radius server.
BeamOS Services hotspot configuration external screen
Field Name
Value
Description
Enable
yes | no; Default: no
Toggles Wi-Fi Hotspot ON or OFF
AP IP
ip; Default: 192.168.2.254/24
Access Point IP address defines the IP address of your Hotspot’s network
Logout address
host | ip; Default: 1.1.1.1
An address that can be used by users to logout from the Hotspot session
Authentication mode
External radius | Internal radius | Without radius | Advertisement | MAC auth | SMS OTP; Default: Without radius
Authentication mode defines how users will connect to the Hotspot
Authentication protocol
PAP | CHAP; Default: PAP
Authentication protocol used to authenticate new connections on the Hotspot
Terms of service
yes | no; Default: no
If enabled, users have to agree to the Terms of service before logging in. Custom Terms of service can be defined in the Landing Page section
RADIUS server #1 | RADIUS server #2
ip; Default: ” “
The IP address of the RADIUS server that is to be used for Authenticating your wireless clients
Authentication port
integer [0..65535]; Default: 1812
RADIUS server authentication port
Accounting port
integer [0..65535]; Default: 1813
RADIUS server accounting port
Radius secret key
string; Default: ” “
The secret key is a password used for authentication with the RADIUS server
UAM port
integer [0..65535]; Default: 4990
Port to bind for authenticating clients
UAM UI port
integer [0..65535]; Default: 4990
UAM User Interface port
UAM secret
string; Default: ” “
Shared secret between the UAM server and the Hotspot
NAS identifier
string; Default: ” “
NAS-Identifier is one of the basic RADIUS attributes
Swap octets
yes | no; Default: no
Swaps the meaning of input octets and output as it relates to RADIUS attributes
Location name
string; Default: ” “
Custom location name for your Hotspot
External landing page
yes | no; Default: no
Enables the use of an external landing page
Protocol
HTTP | HTTPS; Default: HTTP
Connection protocol of your Hotspot
HTTPS redirect
yes | no; Default: no
Redirects HTTP pages to landing page
SSL key file
.key file; Default: ” “
SSL key file used for authentication. This field becomes visible only if HTTPS redirect is enabled
SSL certificate file
.crt file; Default: ” “
SSL certificate file used for authentication. This field becomes visible only if HTTPS redirect is enabled
Use custom DNS
yes | no; Default: no
Enables the use of custom DNS servers instead of your regular DNS
DNS server 1 | DNS server 2
ip; Default: ” “
Additional DNS servers that are to be used by the Hotspot. These fields become visible only if Use custom DNS is enabled

Internal Radius

Internal Radius is Authentication mode that uses the router’s internal RADIUS server for authentication. Teltonika routers’ RADIUS server has RFC 2866 RADIUS Accounting and RFC 2869 RADIUS Extensions implemented

BeamOS Services hotspot configuration internal screen
Field Name
Value
Description
Enable
yes | no; Default: no
Toggles Wi-Fi Hotspot ON or OFF
AP IP
ip; Default: 192.168.2.254/24
Access Point IP address defines the IP address of your Hotspot’s network
Logout address
host | ip; Default: 1.1.1.1
An address that can be used by users to logout from the Hotspot session
Authentication mode
External radius | Internal radius | Without radius | Advertisement | MAC auth | SMS OTP; Default: Without radius
Authentication mode defines how users will connect to the Hotspot
Terms of service
yes | no; Default: no
If enabled, users have to agree to the Terms of service before logging in. Custom Terms of service can be defined in the Landing Page section
External landing page
yes | no; Default: no
Enables the use of an external landing page
Protocol
HTTP | HTTPS; Default: HTTP
Connection protocol of your Hotspot
HTTPS redirect
yes | no; Default: no
Redirects HTTP pages to landing page
SSL key file
.key file; Default: ” “
SSL key file used for authentication. This field becomes visible only if HTTPS redirect is enabled
SSL certificate file
.crt file; Default: ” “
SSL certificate file used for authentication. This field becomes visible only if HTTPS redirect is enabled
Use custom DNS
yes | no; Default: no
Enables the use of custom DNS servers instead of your regular DNS
DNS server 1 | DNS server 2
ip; Default: ” “
Additional DNS servers that are to be used by the Hotspot. These fields become visible only if Use custom DNS is enabled

Without Radius

Without Radius Authentication doesn’t use a Radius server to authenticate users connecting to the Hotspot, instead it gives you the possibility to configure different users with different password and session parameters.

BeamOS Services hotspot configuration without screen
Field Name
Value
Description
Enable
yes | no; Default: no
Toggles Wi-Fi Hotspot ON or OFF
AP IP
ip; Default: 192.168.2.254/24
Access Point IP address defines the IP address of your Hotspot’s network
Logout address
host | ip; Default: 1.1.1.1
An address that can be used by users to logout from the Hotspot session
Authentication mode
External radius | Internal radius | Without radius | Advertisement | MAC auth | SMS OTP; Default: Without radius
Authentication mode defines how users will connect to the Hotspot
Terms of service
yes | no; Default: no
If enabled, users have to agree to the Terms of service before logging in. Custom Terms of service can be defined in the Landing Page section
External landing page
yes | no; Default: no
Enables the use of an external landing page
Protocol
HTTP | HTTPS; Default: HTTP
Connection protocol of your Hotspot
HTTPS redirect
yes | no; Default: no
Redirects HTTP pages to landing page
SSL key file
.key file; Default: ” “
SSL key file used for authentication. This field becomes visible only if HTTPS redirect is enabled
SSL certificate file
.crt file; Default: ” “
SSL certificate file used for authentication. This field becomes visible only if HTTPS redirect is enabled
Use custom DNS
yes | no; Default: no
Enables the use of custom DNS servers instead of your regular DNS
DNS server 1 | DNS server 2
ip; Default: ” “
Additional DNS servers that are to be used by the Hotspot. These fields become visible only if Use custom DNS is enabled
Users Configuration

The Users Configuration tab is used to create new, unique users that can connect to the Hotspot.

BeamOS Services hotspot configuration user screen
Field Name
Value
Description
Username
string; Default: ” “
A custom username used to authenticate clients connecting to the Hotspot
Password
string; Default: ” “
A custom password for the specified user name
Session Template
string; Default: unlimited
Session templates define session settings for different users. The unlimited Session Template is a default template with no restrictions. More on Session Template in the next section
Session Templates

A Session Template is a set of rules that can be prescribed to a Hotspot user. A default template named unlimited is present in the router, but it has no configured restrictions. You can edit the default template or you can create a custom template and configure it.

BeamOS Services hotspot configuration session template screen
Field Name
Value
Description
Idle timeout
integer; Default: ” “
A timeout in seconds after which idle users are automatically disconnected from the Hotspot. 0 means unlimited
Session timeout
integer; Default: ” “
A timeout in seconds after users are automatically disconnected from the Hotspot. The timeout countdown begins when a user is authenticated to the Hotspot and, after an amount of time specified in this field, the user gets disconnected from the Hotspot. 0 means unlimited
Download bandwidth
integer; Default: ” “
Maximum download bandwidth that the users assigned to this template can achieve. Bandwidth can be specified in Kbit/s or Mbit/s
Upload bandwidth
integer; Default: ” “
Maximum upload bandwidth that the users assigned to this template can achieve. Bandwidth can be specified in Kbit/s or Mbit/s
Download limit
integer; Default: ” “
A received data limit that the users assigned to this template can reach. After the data limit is reached, the user will lose data connection. Download limit is specified in MB
Upload limit
integer; Default: ” “
A sent data limit that the users assigned to this template can reach. After the data limit is reached, the user will lose data connection. Upload limit is specified in MB
Period
Month | Week | Day; Default: Month
The beginning of the period during which the restriction specified in this section will apply. After the period is over, all specified limits are reset
Start day | Start hour
integer [1..31] | Monday..Sunday | integer [1..24]; Default: day 1
Specifies which day of the month, week or hour of the day the limits will be reset

Advertisement

The Advertisement Authentication mode doesn’t use any kind of actual authentication. Instead when a user connects to the Hotspot he first gets redirected to a specified advertisement page. After that the user is free to use the Hotspot.

BeamOS Services hotspot configuration advertisement screen
Field Name
Value
Description
Configuration profile
Custom | Cloud4wi | Hotspotsystem; Default: Custom
If not set to Custom, Configuration profile selections will automatically fill all the fields in accordance with the chosen profile. It also automatically adds an exception for the chosen service in the Walled Garden section. Used only with External radius Authentication mode.
Enable
yes | no; Default: no
Toggles Wi-Fi Hotspot ON or OFF
AP IP
ip; Default: 192.168.2.254/24
Access Point IP address defines the IP address of your Hotspot’s network
Authentication mode
External radius | Internal radius | Without radius | Advertisement | MAC auth | SMS OTP; Default: Without radius
Authentication mode defines how users will connect to the Hotspot
Advertisement address
host | ip; Default: ” “
The address of the advertisement page that newly connected users will be redirected to
HTTPS redirect
yes | no; Default: no
Redirects HTTP pages to landing page
SSL key file
.key file; Default: ” “
SSL key file used for authentication. This field becomes visible only if HTTPS redirect is enabled
SSL certificate file
.crt file; Default: ” “
SSL certificate file used for authentication. This field becomes visible only if HTTPS redirect is enabled
Use custom DNS
yes | no; Default: no
Enables the use of custom DNS servers instead of your regular DNS
DNS server 1 | DNS server 2
ip; Default: ” “
Additional DNS servers that are to be used by the Hotspot. These fields become visible only if Use custom DNS is enabled

MAC auth

MAC auth Authentication mode authenticates users by their MAC address. A list of accepted or unaccepted MAC addresses can be configured in the router’s WebUI’s Wireless section under Interface Configuration->MAC Filter

BeamOS Services hotspot configuration mac screen
Field Name
Value
Description
Configuration profile
Custom | Cloud4wi | Hotspotsystem; Default: Custom
If not set to Custom, Configuration profile selections will automatically fill all the fields in accordance with the chosen profile. It also automatically adds an exception for the chosen service in the Walled Garden section. Used only with External radius Authentication mode.
Enable
yes | no; Default: no
Toggles Wi-Fi Hotspot ON or OFF
AP IP
ip; Default: 192.168.2.254/24
Access Point IP address defines the IP address of your Hotspot’s network
Authentication mode
External radius | Internal radius | Without radius | Advertisement | MAC auth | SMS OTP; Default: Without radius
Authentication mode defines how users will connect to the Hotspot
Terms of service
yes | no; Default: no
If enabled, users have to agree to the Terms of service before logging in. Custom Terms of service can be defined in the Landing Page section
Password protection
yes | no; Default: no
Enables Hotspot password protection
Password
string; Default: ” “
A password used to authenticate connecting clients to the Hotspot
Website access link
Link | Auto redirect | Custom address; Default: no
Requested website access mode
Protocol
HTTP | HTTPS; Default: HTTP
Connection protocol of your Hotspot
HTTPS redirect
yes | no; Default: no
Redirects HTTP pages to landing page
SSL key file
.key file; Default: ” “
SSL key file used for authentication. This field becomes visible only if HTTPS redirect is enabled
SSL certificate file
.crt file; Default: ” “
SSL certificate file used for authentication. This field becomes visible only if HTTPS redirect is enabled
Use custom DNS
yes | no; Default: no
Enables the use of custom DNS servers instead of your regular DNS
DNS server 1 | DNS server 2
ip; Default: ” “
Additional DNS servers that are to be used by the Hotspot. These fields become visible only if Use custom DNS is enabled

SMS OTP

With SMS OTP Authentication mode connecting users are prompted to enter their phone number. After that, the router sends and SMS message containing a code to the specified number. Users then authenticate themselves to the Hotspot using this code.

BeamOS Services hotspot configuration sms screen
Field Name
Value
Description
Configuration profile
Custom | Cloud4wi | Hotspotsystem; Default: Custom
If not set to Custom, Configuration profile selections will automatically fill all the fields in accordance with the chosen profile. It also automatically adds an exception for the chosen service in the Walled Garden section. Used only with External radius Authentication mode.
Enable
yes | no; Default: no
Toggles Wi-Fi Hotspot ON or OFF
AP IP
ip; Default: 192.168.2.254/24
Access Point IP address defines the IP address of your Hotspot’s network
Authentication mode
External radius | Internal radius | Without radius | Advertisement | MAC auth | SMS OTP; Default: Without radius
Authentication mode defines how users will connect to the Hotspot
Protocol
HTTP | HTTPS; Default: HTTP
Connection protocol of your Hotspot
HTTPS redirect
yes | no; Default: no
Redirects HTTP pages to landing page
SSL key file
.key file; Default: ” “
SSL key file used for authentication. This field becomes visible only if HTTPS redirect is enabled
SSL certificate file
.crt file; Default: ” “
SSL certificate file used for authentication. This field becomes visible only if HTTPS redirect is enabled
Use custom DNS
yes | no; Default: no
Enables the use of custom DNS servers instead of your regular DNS
DNS server 1 | DNS server 2
ip; Default: ” “
Additional DNS servers that are to be used by the Hotspot. These fields become visible only if Use custom DNS is enabled

Walled Garden

You can configure a list of addresses that users connected to the Hotspot will be able to reach without any authentication. By default this list is empty. Click the Add button to add a new address.
BeamOS Services hotspot configuration walled garden screen
Field Name
Value
Description
Enable
yes | no; Default: no
Enables or disables an entry of the list
Address
host | ip; Default: ” “
An address that users connected to the Hotspot can reach without authentication
Port
integer [0..65535]; Default: ” “
Specifies the port through which the user can connect to the provided address. This field becomes visible only if Allow subdomains is disabled
Allow subdomains
yes | no; Default: no
If checked, users can connect to the specified address and all of its subdomains

Restricted Internet Access

The Restricted Internet Access page provides you with the possibility to restrict internet access on Hotspot on specified hours. Blue squares represent restricted access, white squares – allowed access. Bellow is an example of a configuration that restricts internet access outside of working hours.
BeamOS Services hotspot restricted list screen

Logging

The Hotspot Logging section is used to periodically send Hotspot information to an FTP server.
BeamOS Services hotspot logging configuration ftp screen
Field Name
Value
Description
Enable
yes | no; Default: no
Toggles logging to FTP ON or OFF
Server address
host | ip; Default: your.ftp.server
FTP server address.
Username
string; Default: username
User name used for authentication when logging into an FTP server
Password
string; Default: ” “
Password used for authentication when logging into an FTP server
Port
integer [0..65535]; Default: 21
FTP server port
File name extras
No extra information | MAC address | Serial number | Custom string; Default: No extra information
Extra information to be added to the log filename

FTP Upload Settings

Here you can configure your timing settings for the log upload via FTP feature.

BeamOS Services hotspot logging configuration ftp set screen
Field Name
Value
Description
Mode
Fixed | Interval; Default: Fixed
The scheduling mode to be used for uploading to FTP server
Hours | Minutes | Days
time; Default: 8 hours 15 minutes
Time interval when the uploads will take place

Wifi Log/SMS OTP Log

WiFi and SMS OTP logs show information about connections to your WiFi Hotspot. FTP logging has to be enabled.

Landing Page

This section is used to define how your Hotspot’s Landing Page will look like.

BeamOS Services hotspot landing page general screen

Template

This is a template based on the default landing page. You can edit its HTML code to make it look however you want!

BeamOS Services hotspot landing page template screen

Radius Server

This section is used to configure your Radius Server for use with Internal radius Authentication mode

BeamOS Services hotspot radius server screen
Field Name
Value
Description
Enable
yes | no; Default: no
Toggles Radius Server ON or OFF
Remote access
yes | no; Default: no
Toggles remote access to the Radius Server ON or OFF.
Authentication port
integer [0..65535]; Default: 1812
Radius server authentication port
Accounting port
integer [0..65535]; Default: 1813
Radius server accounting port

Session Settings

A Session Template is a set of rules that can be prescribed to a Hotspot user. A default template named unlimited is present in the router, but it has no configured restriction. You can edit the default template or you can create a custom template and configure it.

BeamOS Services hotspot configuration session template screen
Field Name
Value
Description
Idle timeout
integer; Default: ” “
A timeout in seconds after which idle users are automatically disconnected from the Hotspot. 0 means unlimited
Session timeout
integer; Default: ” “
A timeout in seconds after users are automatically disconnected from the Hotspot. The timeout countdown begins when a user is authenticated to the Hotspot and, after an amount of time specified in this field, the user gets disconnected from the Hotspot. 0 means unlimited
Download bandwidth
integer; Default: ” “
Maximum download bandwidth that the users assigned to this template can achieve. Bandwidth can be specified in Kbit/s or Mbit/s
Upload bandwidth
integer; Default: ” “
Maximum upload bandwidth that the users assigned to this template can achieve. Bandwidth can be specified in Kbit/s or Mbit/s
Download limit
integer; Default: ” “
A received data limit that the users assigned to this template can reach. After the data limit is reached, the user will lose data connection. Download limit is specified in MB
Upload limit
integer; Default: ” “
A sent data limit that the users assigned to this template can reach. After the data limit is reached, the user will lose data connection. Upload limit is specified in MB
Period
Month | Week | Day; Default: Month
The beginning of the period during which the restriction specified in this section will apply. After the period is over, all specified limits are reset
Start day | Start hour
integer [1..31] | Monday..Sunday | integer [1..24]; Default: day 1
Specifies which day of the month, week or hour of the day the limits will be reset

Users Configuration Settings

The Users Configuration tab is used to create new, unique users that can connect to the Hotspot.

BeamOS Services hotspot configuration user screen
Field Name
Value
Description
Username
string; Default: ” “
A custom user name used to authenticate clients connecting to the Hotspot
Password
string; Default: ” “
A custom password for the specified user name
Session Template
string; Default: unlimited
Session templates define session settings for different users. The unlimited Session Template is a default template with no restrictions. More on Session Template in the next section

Clients Configuration Settings

BeamOS Services hotspot radius server clients screen
Field Name
Value
Description
Enable
yes | no; Default: no
Toggles Clients Configuration ON or OFF
Client name
string; Default: ” “
A custom user name used to authenticate clients connecting to the Hotspot
IP Address
ip; Default: ” “
The IP address of the client
Netmask
integer [0..32]; Default: ” “
The netmask of the client
Radius shared secret
string; Default: ” “
Radius shared secret used for communication between the client/NAS and the radius server

Statistics

The Statistics page shows statistics about connections to the hotspot.

BeamOS Services hotspot stats screen

Manage

With the help of the Manage page you manage the users that are connected to your Hotspot. To reach the Manage window, go to Services->Hotspot. The Manage button will be located next to your Hotspot instance.

BeamOS Services hotspot manage screen
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